JUJUBE


JUJUBE
Two species of jujube grow wild in Israel: the wild jujube (Zizyphus spina-Christi) and the lotus jujube (Zizyphus lotus). The former is a tall tropical tree with dense, prickly branches (from which, according to Christian tradition, Jesus' crown of thorns was made, hence its scientific name), growing in the hot regions of Israel. The latter is a prickly desert bush, bearing small floury fruit; it grows wild in North Africa where the people make bread from it. These are "the lotus eaters" mentioned by Herodotus (Historiae, 4:177). Also growing in Israel is the cultivated jujube (Zizyphus vulgaris) which produces a large fruit with an excellent flavor. This is the sheizaf of rabbinic literature which is commonly grafted on to the wild jujube, called rimin, the two species being counted as diverse kinds (kilayim) according to halakhah (Kil. 1:4). The fruits of the wild jujube are tasty but were not highly thought of (cf. Dem. 1.1). This tree, widespread in the wadis of the Arabah and the Jordan Valley, is identified with the ze'elim (lotus trees, AV "shady trees") of Job 40:21–22 under which the behemoth lies near the banks of the Jordan. Near Ein Hazevah in the Arabah grows a huge wild jujube which is counted among the oldest trees in Israel. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 3 (1924), 133–41; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), 248f.; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'imve-Harkavah (1967), 103–5. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 152, 160. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • jujube — [ ʒyʒyb ] n. m. • jajube 1256; altér. lat. zizyphum, gr. zizuphon 1 ♦ Fruit du jujubier. 2 ♦ Pâte extraite de ce fruit (remède contre la toux). ● jujube nom masculin (latin zizyphum, du grec dzidzuphon) Fruit du jujubier, drupe rouge à maturité,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jujube — Ju jube (j[=u] j[ u]b), n. [F., fr. L. zizyphum, Gr. zi zyfon, Per. z[=i]zf[=u]n, zizaf[=u]n, zayzaf[=u]n.] 1. The sweet and edible drupes (fruits) of several Mediterranean and African species of small trees, of the genus {Zizyphus}, especially… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jujube — JUJUBE: On ne sait pas avec quoi c est fait …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • jujube — (n.) late 14c., date like fruit from a tree found in Asia, from M.L. jujuba (pl.), from L.L. zizyphum, from zizyphus, an Asiatic tree with datelike fruit, from Gk. zizyphon, from Pers. zayzafun. The meaning soft candy with date like flavor first… …   Etymology dictionary

  • jujube — JUJUBE. s. f. Sorte de fruit presque semblable à la cornouïlle, & qui sert en Medecine. Jujubes blanches. jujubes rouges. syrop de jujubes. Il n est guere en usage qu au pluriel …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • jujube — [jo͞o′jo͞ob΄; ] for 3, often [ jo͞o′jo͞o bē΄] n. [Fr < ML jujuba < L zizyphum < Gr zizyphon] 1. the edible, datelike fruit of any of several trees and shrubs (genus Zizyphus) of the buckthorn family, growing in warm climates 2. a tree or …   English World dictionary

  • Jujube — Jujubee redirects here. For the RuPaul s Drag Race contestant, see Jujubee (drag queen). For the chewy candy, see Jujube (confectionery). Chinese date redirects here. For calendar dates expressed in the Chinese hierarchical system, see Date and… …   Wikipedia

  • jujube — (ju ju b ) s. f. Fruit du jujubier, qui consiste en un noyau et une enveloppe pulpeuse. Les jujubes sont employées en pharmacie comme pectorales et adoucissantes.    S. m. Le jujube, le suc extrait de la jujube.    Pâte de jujube, préparation qui …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Jujube — paprastasis zizifas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šunobelinių šeimos vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Ziziphus jujuba), paplitęs Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Rhamnus zizyphus; Ziziphus jujuba; Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa; Ziziphus sativa;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • jujube — paprastasis zizifas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šunobelinių šeimos vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Ziziphus jujuba), paplitęs Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Rhamnus zizyphus; Ziziphus jujuba; Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa; Ziziphus sativa;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)